A quick introduction into Esperanto – Rainer Kurz at Rotary Singleton/Australia

Rainer Kurz publikigis antaŭ 5 tagoj


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Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language. It was created by Polish L. Zamenhof in 1887, as an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster world peace and international understanding, and to build a community of speakers

Speech content:
• Facts about Esperanto
• History
• Advantages and Disadvantages
• Quick Esperanto Lesson
• Personal Usage
• How to Start



Survey: Who has already heard about Esperanto?

Facts about Esperanto
Spoken in over 100 countries
1000 native speakers / approx. 1 000 000 second language speakers
Famous speakers: Tolkien, Jules Verne, 6 Nobel prize winners
Wikipedia: 226 000 articles in Esperanto
(for comparison: English 5.1 mn., Greek 114 000)

Since Pope John Paul II
Easter and Christmas message since 1994 also in Esperanto

Sydneysider being president of the World Esperanto Association
Kep Enderby, former Minister for Manufacturing and Attorney General

Esperanto could work as world language
Umberto Eco, author and linguist

132 years of Esperanto
1887 published by Ludwik Zamenhof
1905 First world congress
1933 Prosecution in Germany, USSR, Japan, …
1954 UNESCO acknowledgement
2001 Wikipedia in Esperanto
2006 Herzberg first Esperanto-city
2020 Esperanto World Conference in Montreal

The big disadvantage: Only few speakers
Movement in the network
Pasporta Servo: Host list in over 80 countries
Small community with strong cohesion
Planned Language with seven advantages
Being a planned language, Esperanto can be learned 5-10x faster than German

Esperanto in 2 minutes / the fastest language course in the world

Seven Advantages of Esperanto:1. Easy – Only 16 rules
Example: Regular tenses
Infinitive (–i) trinki to drink
Present tense (–as) li trinkas he drinks
Past tense (–is) li trinkis he drank
Future tense (-os) li trinkos he will drink
Conditional (-us) li trinkus he would drink
Imperative (-u) trinku! drink! (you have to)

Seven Advantages of Esperanto: 2. No exceptions
Eg. no conjugations / no irregular verbs
Example: Verb in present tense: -as
mi trinkas I drink
li trinkas he drinks
vi trinkas you drink
ili trinkas they drink

Seven Advantages of Esperanto: 3. Clear, without ambiguities
No synonyms but unambiguous terms
spring = printempo
spring = fontano
spring = salto
spring = risorto

Seven Advantages of Esperanto : 4. Easy word creation
Vocabulary of an educated speaker
Esperanto: 2 000 words
German: 8 000 words
English: 10 000 words
Example for systematic word creation
Ĉevalo = horse
Ĉevalino = mare
Ĉevalido = foal
Ĉevalidino = filly (female foal)
Ĉevaleto = pony
Ĉevalaĉo = crock (horse of bad quality)

Seven Advantages of Esperanto: 5. Expressive
One word where clause (sub-sentence) would be required
Ĉirkaŭ|lag|ul|oj = People who are around the lake
Ajn|ul|in|o = Any odd female person
di|in|a = goddessly (in the style of a goddes)

Seven Advantages of Esperanto: 6. Easy pronounciation
Only 28 sounds
Pronounceable for nearly every person on earth
5 vowels (English has about 20)
Exactly one letter for each sound
No combined letters
Example „ sh “ = „ ŝ “

Seven Advantages of Esperanto: 7. Neutral
No disadvantage for people who are not English native speakers
Eg. job description for EU in Brussels
Eg. native speakers dominate international conferences

Can I travel with Esperanto?
Hosts in 80 countries
200 international events every year
World congress 2020 in Montreal
26 Feb – 8 March 2020: Katmandu/Nepal Himalayan Esperanto Congress

How can I use Esperanto at home?
Be a host, invite the world
10 local clubs in Australia
Eg. Redfern, Manly, Gosford

Over 20 000 books
200 journals
50 radio stations
100 000 Youtube videos
100 Esperanto apps

How to Start? / Next Steps
Sydney Language Festival (3/2020)
Free online lessons www.Lernu.net www.Duolingo.com
Esperanto Manly: 1st and 3rd of the month, 10am at Bavarian Beer Cafe
Esperanto House in Redfern: Every Saturday at 6pmFirst Sunday of each month, 1pm, 143 Lawson StEvery Wednesday 3pm, 143 Lawson St
Beginners classes all over the world


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