Esperanto phonology | Wikipedia audio article

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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
Esperanto phonology

00:01:23 1 Inventory
00:01:49 1.1 Consonants
00:02:34 1.2 Vowels
00:03:04 1.3 Slavic origins
00:04:18 2 Orthography and pronunciation
00:04:37 3 Minimal pairs
00:07:36 4 Stress and prosody
00:11:27 5 Phonotactics
00:18:38 6 Allophonic variation
00:19:56 6.1 Rhotics
00:21:44 6.2 Vowel length and quality
00:23:05 6.3 Epenthesis
00:23:49 6.4 Poetic elision
00:24:23 6.5 Assimilation
00:28:35 6.6 Loss of phonemic iĥ/i
00:29:45 6.7 Proper names and borrowings

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“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”
– Socrates

Esperanto is a constructed international auxiliary language. The creator of Esperanto, L. L. Zamenhof, illustrated Esperanto pronunciation by comparing its letters with their equivalents in several major European languages and declaring a principle of “one letter, one sound”.
With over a century of use, Esperanto has developed a phonological norm, including accepted details of phonetics, phonotactics, and intonation, so that it is now possible to speak of proper Esperanto pronunciation and properly formed words independently of the languages originally used to describe Esperanto. This norm diverges only minimally from the original ideal of “one letter, one sound”; that is, it accepts only minor allophonic variation.Before Esperanto phonotactics became fixed, foreign words were adopted with spellings that violated the apparent intentions of Zamenhof and the norms that would develop later, such as poŭpo (‘poop deck’), ŭato (‘Watt’), and matĉo (‘sports match’). Many of these coinages have proven to be unstable, and have either fallen out of use or been replaced with pronunciations more in keeping with the developing norms, such as pobo for poŭpo, vato for ŭato, and maĉo for matĉo. On the other hand, the word jida (‘Yiddish’), which was also sometimes criticized on phonotactical grounds but had been used by Zamenhof, is well established.


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